The five disciplines

A disaster or emergency situation is tackled by various intervention services, whereby each discipline has a mono-disciplinary intervention plan that describes its own operation. Where multiple disciplines are deployed simultaneously, joint coordination is required and this is referred to as a multi-disciplinary deployment[1].

DH EN fig10

 

DISCIPLINE 1: THE MEDICAL AID OPERATIONS

Discipline 1 missions are carried out by fire brigades, which may be assisted by operational units from civil protection. Their duties include:

  • Managing the emergency situation and eliminate the associated risks;
  • Locating, freeing and rescuing people and protecting their property;
  • Recovering people and property.

DISCIPLINE 2: THE MEDICAL, SANITARY AND PSYCHOSOCIAL ASSISTANCE

Discipline 2 missions are performed by medical and psychosocial services (e.g. ambulance services, MUG/SMUR services, the Red Cross, psychosocial workers, the Federal Health Inspectorate, etc.). The most important missions in this discipline are discussed later on in this report.

DISCIPLINE 3: THE POLICE AT THE EMERGENCY SITE

Discipline 3 missions are performed by federal and local police and are as follows:

  • Maintaining and restoring public order;
  • Keeping access and evacuation routes clear;
  • Setting perimeters, physically defining them, signalling and monitoring access control to the intervention area;
  • Conducting evacuations of the population and overseeing shelter;
  • Identifying fatalities;
  • Assisting in the judicial investigation.

DISCIPLINE 4: LOGISTICAL SUPPORT

Discipline 4 missions are performed by civil protection, the fire brigade and the army. Their duties include:

  • Ensuring reinforcement of personnel and equipment, as well as providing special rescue and relief equipment;
  • Organising the technical means for communication between the disciplines, the operational command post and the coordination committee;
  • Organising the supply of food and drinking water for the emergency services and the people affected.

DISCIPLINE 5: INFORMATION

Discipline 5 missions are carried out by a communications manager and consist of:

  • Providing information and guidance to the public;
  • Providing information on measures for returning to normal.

 

[1]Source: https://crisiscenter.be/en/what-do-authorities-do/crisis-management/organisation-emergency