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Other official information and services:  belgium



Mental health disorders constitute a public health issue because of their frequency, the distress and disability they cause, and the impact on the physical and social health of individuals and those around them.

The Health Interview Surveys reveal that anxiety and depression represent the most common mental health disorders. In 2018, around one in ten people had an anxiety (comparable to 2013) or a depressive disorder (slight decrease compared to 2013). Following the COVID-19 crisis, mental health deteriorated. In March 2022, around one in four people presented an anxiety disorder and/or a depressive disorder.

Suicide is an important problem for public health in Belgium. Suicidal thoughts and attempts are increasing during the COVID-19 crisis. Suicide is one of the main causes of death among young people in Belgium. It is higher in men than in women. The mortality rate due to suicide is particularly high in Belgium compared to other EU-15 countries.

While the consumption of sedatives (sleeping pills or tranquilizers) is decreasing since 2008, the consumption of antidepressants continues to increase.

Social inequalities are present, with more people of the lower educational level suffering from mental health disorders. Mental health indicators indicate a better situation in the Flemish region.