While certain rate variations by gender are intrinsically linked to the nature of the procedure (hysterectomies, prostate ultrasounds, etc.), the same may not be true of other types of practice not so clearly linked to gender.
Differences in utilization rates between men and women are a priori a reflection of the epidemiology of the underlying pathology. A difference between the sex ratio of this pathology and that of the utilization rate must draw attention to the justification for this therapeutic approach different according to gender.
In 2017, for example, we can see that the rate of percutaneous coronary interventions is significantly higher for men than for women. This suggests that there may have been ‘underuse’ for women (see figure below).