The general hospitals can be subdivided into three different types:
As of 01.01.2023, 30% of the 103 hospitals in Belgium are public, i.e. managed by a public authority (a municipality or an inter-municipal, provincial, regional authority, etc.), and 70% are private and run as non-profit organisations. Historically, the latter owe their existence to religious orders, mutual societies, free universities or former company hospitals. However, given the large number of hospital fusions in recent decades, many current institutions are a legacy of both the public and private sectors. The Hospitals Act makes no distinction between the public and private sectors. Consequently, the provided government funding is identical.
 This report zooms in on general hospitals under federal jurisdiction. It leaves out psychiatric hospitals (which provide care exclusively to people with mental disorders).